Moonshine still plans you need to know include the making of a still and the basic recipes of making moonshine. To understand the technicalities of distilling moonshine, one has to understand that beer is produced by the fermentation of a grain starch and spirits/liquor is made by the extraction of water from base materials. Therefore if beer is distilled the end product is whiskey, just as brandy is produced by wine and vodka is got from a potato mash.
The main equipment you will need to produce moonshine and make a still is a stove or some heat source, a large cooking pot or vessel and cooling element like cold water or ice cubes. The principle involved is simple. The water has to boil at 100C to become vapor while alcohol will only boil at 73C. If there is both alcohol and water in a particular liquid that is heated to a specific temperature between the two respective boiling points, then the alcohol will evaporate leaving the water behind. This vapor has to be collected and condensed into the alcohol.
One of the most simplest ways to do this is to put the mash into the container and heat it over a stove. Use two containers – one smaller so that it fits into the large one, on a two inch platform from the base and seal the large container that has the smaller one that has the mash inside. Also seal a heater (aquarium heater) in the mash and switch it on so that it heats the mash. When the right temperature is reached the vapor will begin to rise and collect on the large container walls. It will condense in the cooler part and drip to the bottom of the container. As long as you don’t allow the temperature to increase the mash will continue to heat in the smaller container and alcohol will collect in the larger one. This is probably one of the cheapest, easiest and simplest ways of distilling moonshine.
Another recipe that is simple is as follows. Mix the molasses and yeast with water and let it ferment until it bubbles. You will need an old steamer with a lid, copper tubing, a large plastic bottle that has a lid, a storage jug or container, some waterproof sealant, coffee filters and charcoal. It goes without saying that it is best and wise to first check all state, local and federal laws first to make sure that you are not breaking any law by distilling alcohol at home.
Drill a hole in the steamer lid and feed an end of the tubing into the steamer. Make a large hole into the storage container to feed ice into it. Make another hole in the lid of the plastic bottle and feed the tube into it letting it emerge from the bottle side before it enters the storage jug where you plan to store your alcohol. Seal all gaps so no vapor escapes from any hole. Fill the steamer with your ingredients and fill the bottle with ice cubes. While the mixture heats, vapor will escape out of the lid into the tubing where it will pass through the bottle, get cooled by the ice cubes, condense and drain as alcohol into the storage jug.